Yangon (Myanmar) – Myanmar’s President Win Myint, senior leaders of the ruling party and democratically elected leader Aung San Suu Kyi have been detained in a military coup on 1st February. A state of emergency has been declared for one year. Former General and Vice President Mint Swe has been appointed as acting President. He has also been given the designation of Chief of Armed Forces. An announcement on the military’s television channel, declared that ’the military has taken charge of the nation, and that the military’s Commander in Chief Min Aung Hlaing will be in charge for one year.” Several army troops were stationed in various parts of the country during this military coup. In order to prevent any opposition to this coup, the army has been positioned outside City Hall in Myanmar’s main city of Yangon. Telephone services have been suspended.
This is an ominous moment for people in #Myanmar, and threatens a severe worsening of military repression and impunity. We call for the immediate release of all those arrested by the Myanmar military today. https://t.co/kqcBaScIlc
— Amnesty International (@amnesty) February 1, 2021
- On 30th January, Myanmar’s military had declared othat they will act according to the nation’s constitution only. The military had alleged fraud in the national election process. The country’s Election Commission had clarified that there was no fraud and the elections were conducted in a free and fair manner. As per Myanmar’s Constitution, 25% of seats in the Parliament are reserved for the military and they also have control over 3 important departments in the Government.
- There has been military rule for a long periods of time in Myanmar. They ruled the country autocratically from 1962 to 2011. In 2011 a democratically elected government was formed after the Myanmar General Elections.
Myanmar military vows to abide by constitution amid coup fears https://t.co/OwPHL8PrEa
— Guardian World (@guardianworld) January 30, 2021
Opposition by India and America
A press statement by the Ministry of External Affairs read “We have noted the developments in Myanmar with deep concern. India has always been steadfast in its support to the process of democratic transition in Myanmar. We believe that the rule of law and the democratic process must be upheld. We are monitoring the situation closely”
White House spokesperson Jen Psaki said, ‘The United States is alarmed by reports that the Burmese military has taken steps to undermine the country’s democratic transition. We continue to affirm our strong support for Burma’s democratic institutions and, in coordination with our regional partners, urge the military and all other parties to adhere to democratic norms and the rule of law, and to release those detained today. The United States opposes any attempt to alter the outcome of recent elections or impede Myanmar’s democratic transition, and will take action against those responsible if these steps are not reversed.’.